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What is Open Educational Resources?
Open Educational Resources (OER) are defined as instruction, self-learning and intellectual materials that use suitable tools, such as open licensing, to permit their unrestricted re-use, constant upgrading and repurposing by others for educational purposes.

The definition given by UNESCO is – “Open Educational Resources (OER) are teaching, learning and research materials in any medium – digital or otherwise – that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits no-cost access, use, adaptation and redistribution by others with no or limited restrictions. OER form part of ‘Open Solutions’, alongside Free and Open Source software (FOSS), Open Access (OA), Open Data (OD) and crowdsourcing platforms”

David Wiley defines the terms “open content” and “open educational resources” as any copyrightable work (traditionally excluding software, which is described by other terms like “open source”) that is either (1) in the public domain OR (2) licensed in a manner that provides users with free and perpetual permission to engage in the 5R activities:

1. Retain - the right to make, own, and control copies of the content (e.g., download, duplicate,
store, and manage)
2. Re-use - right to use the content in a wide range of ways (e.g., in a class, in a study group, on a website, in a video)
3. Revise - the right to adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself (e.g., translate the content into another language)
4. Remix - the right to combine the original or revised content with other material to create something new (e.g., incorporate the content into a mashup)
5. Redistribute - the right to share copies of the original content, your revisions or remixes with others (e.g., give a copy of the content to a friend)

Above texts are adopted from Defining the ”Open” in Open Content and Open Educational Resources was written original writing by David Wiley , which was published freely under a Creative Commons Attribute 4.0 license at http://opencontent.org/definition/.

Patel, K. J., Prakash, K., & Parekh, Y. R. (2021). Open Educational Resources: An Overview. Towards Excellence, 13(2), 295-306. ISSN 0974-035X. https://doi.org/10.37867/TE130224
Open Books